2014 was the year the 15th Lok Sabha
concluded its term and the 16th Lok Sabha was elected. Please find below
some of the highlights of the year in Parliament.
 
1. The
15th Lok Sabha met for the last time in the Winter Session held in
February. The Session saw extensive disruptions over the issue of
separate statehood for Telangana and the plight of Tamil fishermen. Both
Houses were able to work for less than 30% of their scheduled time. The
Session ended on a low note with an MP using a pepper spray in Lok
Sabha to protest the introduction of The Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation
Bill, 2014. 17 MPs were suspended by the Speaker for grave disorder.
2. The 15th Lok Sabha ended its term in June 2014. At the end of its term, 128 Bills remained pending in Parliament-
the largest number of Bills pending at the end of any Lok Sabha. Of
these, 68 Bills were pending in Lok Sabha and lapsed with its
dissolution. 60 Bills, which were pending in Rajya Sabha, were carried
forward to the 16th Lok Sabha.
3. After general elections were held in April-May, Parliament
met for the Introductory Session of the 16th Lok Sabha in June. The
16th Lok Sabha has the highest number of women MPs (11%), the largest
number of MPs over the age of 55 (47%), and a small decrease in MPs with
at least a graduate degree (75%). The single largest profession of MPs
elected to the 16th Lok Sabha was agriculture (27%). 314 MPs (58%) were
elected for the first-time to the Lok Sabha in the 2014 general elections. This was the highest number of first-time MPs elected to the Lok Sabha in the last three decades. 
4. The first Budget Session and the first Winter Session of the 16th Lok Sabha were held in 2014.
Lok Sabha worked for 104% of its scheduled time in the Budget Session
and 98% of its scheduled time in the Winter Session. While Rajya Sabha
worked for 106% of its scheduled time in the Budget Session, it lost
significant time to disruptions during the Winter Session over the issue
of reported religious conversions, and was able to work for 59% of its
scheduled time.
5. Some of the major issues discussed in Parliament
this year were the monsoon, price rise and inflation, atrocities
against women and children, communal violence, black money, natural
calamities, agrarian crisis, religious conversions, the Mahatma Gandhi
National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme, etc.
6. 8 Ordinances were
promulgates during the year. Two of these were promulgated by the UPA-II
government, while six were promulgated by the current NDA government. 
These include the Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Ordinance, which was
promulgated twice, the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (Amendment)
Ordinance, and the Insurance Laws (Amendment) Ordinance. 
7. In the four Sessions that Parliament met for in 2014,
Lok Sabha sat for 67 days, and Rajya Sabha for 64 days.  Lok Sabha’s
productivity for the year was at 84% while Rajya Sabha’s was at 73%.
8. 24 Bills were passed by Parliament in 2014. Some of the Bills passed were: The Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Bill, 2014, The Whistle Blowers Protection Bill, 2011, The National Judicial Appointments Commission Bill, 2014, The Securities Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2014, The Apprentices (Amendment) Bill 2014, etc.
9. 40 Bills were introduced in Parliament in 2014. These include the Constitution 122nd Amendment (Goods and Services Tax) Bill, 2014, The Electricity (Amendment) Bill, 2014, The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Bill, 2014, The Factories (Amendment) Bill, 2014, The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Bill, 2014 etc.

10. 236 Questions were
answered orally by Ministers in Lok Sabha during the year, while 125
Questions were answered orally by Ministers in Rajya Sabha. Question
Hour functioned for 70% of the time in Lok Sabha, while it functioned
for 27% of the time in Rajya Sabha.

Parliament in 2014

Winter Session 2014

(Nov-Dec)

Budget Session 2014

(July-Aug)

Winter Session 2014

(Feb)

LS productivity

98%

104%

21%

RS productivity

59%

106%

27%

Question Hour productivity in Lok
Sabha

81%

84%

11%

Question Hour productivity in Rajya
Sabha

25%

38%

0%

Time spent on legislative business in Lok Sabha

35%

13%

11%

Time spent on legislative business in Rajya Sabha

33%

16%

31%

Bills passed by both Houses

11

5

7

Bills introduced in both Houses

16

14

10

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