Land acquisition process can take 50 months
The new Land Acquisition Bill has detailed a process for acquiring land. The process could take up to 50 months. This will increase the gestation period of projects. The new time line and the attendant uncertainty at each step will have to be factored in by promoters of projects while computing the costs and feasibility.
The details of the process are given in the Table below. Some of the processes can be conducted concurrently with others. The processes which need to be done sequentially are shown in bold. These add up to 50 months (not counting extensions).
Time limits for various steps for Land Acquisition under the new Act
|Social Impact Assessment||4(1) last proviso||6 months|
|Appraisal of SIA by review committee||7(4) and 7(5)||2 months|
|Examination of land acquisition proposal and SIA by appropriate government||8||No time limit specified|
|SIA expert group appraisal to Preliminary notification||14||12 months but extendable by appropriate government|
|Preliminary notification to updating of land records||11(5)||2 months|
|Preliminary notification to objections||16(1)||60 days|
|Preliminary notification to R&R survey||17(1)||Time limit to be prescribed in Rules|
|Preliminary notification under section 11 to Declaration under section 20||15 and 20(7) (inconsistency)||12 months (S15)12 months but extendable by appropriate government; also court stay period excluded (S20(7))|
|Time for compensation claims to be made||22(2)||30 days to 6 months|
|Declaration to Award||26||12 months but extendable by appropriate government|
|Correction of Award by Collector||34(1)||6 months|
|Award to Possession of land by collector||39(1)||After ensuring compensation is paid (3 months) and monetary component of R&R paid (6 months).|
|Time for infrastructure entitlements under R&R||39(1) proviso||18 months after award|
Total Time Limit (assuming no extensions): SIA (6 months) + Expert group appraisal (2 months) + Preliminary notification (12 months) + Declaration (12 months) + Award (12 months) + Possession (6 months) = 50 months.