|The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) has two departments: (i) the Department of Health and Family Welfare, and (ii) the Department of Health Research. MoHFW ranked eighth in terms of the total budgetary allocation in 2017-18 with an allocation of Rs 48,853 crore. This allocation is an increase of 23% over the revised estimates of 2016-17. Under the Ministry, the Department of Health and Family Welfare received the highest allocation(97%), followed by the Department of Health Research (3%). This note analyses the financial allocation trends and key issues concerning the health sector.